With no particular order, you can find enlisted below references to things which either are (or have been) relevent to this project, or which propose something someway similar.
Terena Voice, Video and Collaboration Working Group @ Terena, which is the successor of the Academic Netcasting Working Group. The working groups actually active on these topics, are Peaches and TF-ECS.
Mpeg4IP, Encoder and player for Linux which work great. Also take a look at this article
Darwin Streaming Server Apple Darwin Streaming Server. But see also on Mac OS forge
SoundScreen Tips 'n' tricks about Darwin SS usage. See also George Cook's pages
Helix Universal Server Helix Universal Server - Evaluation Logo Here we are hosted
XML-RPC Easy to use distributed computing communication layer
Mplayer - Plays everything on linux
VideoLAN - Same as above, and more!
CurrentTV - The TV Network created by the People who watch it
qoob Qoob (ex FLUX) - On Dish as well on web and cell phone, share your contents with others - in Italian
Open4all has evolved in Open-Player, but read also Anybody Can Be TV
Countless Stories Dynamic streaming storytelling
WebJam WebJam::::::::.... is a networked performance space that enables people from any background to improvise in a shared environment
YouTube YouTube  - YouTube is an online video streaming service that allows anyone to view and share videos that have been uploaded by our members.
Miro TVMiro TV
Miro is The latest release of Democracy, by the Participatory Culture Foundation
tribler Tribler - By extending the code from the ABC project, a p2p architecturre for video sharing
joost Joost is a new way of watching TV on the internet. With Joost, you get all the things you love about TV, including a high-quality full-screen picture, hundreds of full-length shows and easy channel-flipping.
Babelgum Babelgum is a new way of conceiving television, a free on-demand TV over the Internet that lets you watch whatever you want, whenever you want as often as you want.
IPTV on WikiPedia Check on Wikipedia for a comprehensive overview about IPTV technology and developments
Dynavideo Live Dynavideo Live - para transmissão distribuída de vídeo ao vivo de baixa e alta qualidade
LoCI Logistical Computing and Internetworking Lab
dyne:bolic Linux distribution